R Basics

Here are R FAQS about R Basics. Questions and answers will be updated frequently and on the demand of visitors.

Question: On what Operating Systems R Language can Run.
Answer: R Language can run on Unix, Linux, and Windows Operating System.

Question: On what machine R can Run?
Answer: R is developed for Unix-like, Windows and Mac families of operating systems. The current version of R Language is configured to run on machine such as CPU-Linux-gnu for i386, amd64, alpha, arm/armel, hppa, ia64, m68k, mips/mipsel, PowerPC, s390 and Sparc CPUs, i386-hurd-gnu, cpu-kfreebsd-gnu for i386 and amd64, PowerPC-apple-darwin, mips-sgi-irix, i386-freebsd, rs6000-ibm-aix and sparc-sun-Solaris.

Question: What is the current version of R?
Answer: The current released version (at the time of this post) of R is 3.2.2. The current version is 3.6.1 (Action of the Toes) released on 2019-07-05.

Question: How and where from R can be obtained?
Answer: Sources, binaries, and documentation of R language can be obtained via the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN).

Question: How to install R on Windows Operating System?
Answer: The “bin/windows” directory of CRAN site contains binaries for a base distribution and add-on packages from CRAN to run on Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7, etc (32-bit or 64bit versions of Windows) on ix86 and x86_64 chips.

Question: What is CRAN?
Answer: The CRAN is “Comprehensive R Archive Network”. CRAN is a collection of sites which carry identical material, consisting R distribution(s), the contributed extensions, documentation for R and binaries.

The CRAN master site is https://CRAN.R-project.org at WU (Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien) in Austria.

Following are some mirrors from CRAN:
https://cran.wu.ac.at/    (Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, Austria)
https://cran.ms.unimelb.edu.au/    (University of Melbourne, Australia)
https://cran-r.c3sl.ufpr.br/    (Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil)
https://stat.ethz.ch/CRAN/    (ETH Zürich, Switzerland)
https://mirrors.dotsrc.org/cran/    (dotsrc.org, Aalborg, Denmark)
https://cran.rediris.es/    (Spanish National Research Network, Madrid, Spain)
http://cran.dcc.fc.up.pt/    (Universidade do Porto, Portugal)
https://www.stats.bris.ac.uk/R/    (University of Bristol, United Kingdom)

For further R Basics Questions following the R FAQ link: Hornik, K., (2015). R FAQs, https://CRAN.R-project.org/doc/FAQ/R-FAQ.html.